Robert II – reigned the Miskitu Nation from 1890 to 1894 (1908).
His Excellency the beloved Prince Robert Henry Clarence was the last hereditary Chief to rule Miskitu. He was born at Rama Cay, Bluefields Lagoon, on the 6th day of September 1872. He was the son of H.E. Prince William Henry Clarence, the Hereditary Chief of Miskitu, by a lady from Rama. He was proclaimed the Hereditary Chief of
Miskitu following an election by the General Council, on 29th January 1891 (effective from the 11th of November 1890). He was crowned at Pearl City, 24th March 1891. He reigned under the guardianship of the Hon Charles Patterson, Vice-President of the Council, until he came of age and assumed full ruling powers on 6th September 1893. He was deposed on the 12th of February 1894, after Bluefields was invaded at night when the townspeople were asleep. The Nicaraguan seized the Miskitu government archives and government buildings. The occupying Nicaraguan troops proclaimed him and the Miskitu government rebels. He was rescued and given asylum along with 200 other refugees aboard a British ship that sailed to Puerto Limon and then on to Jamaica.
Later, Robert Henry Clarence was restored after British intervention induced them to retire in 6th July 1894. Deposed again after a second invasion, when all American and British residents were forcibly removed to Managua and the town of Bluefields was reduced to 500 residents on the 7th of August, 1894. The Chief was repeatedly petitioned by his countrymen to return to the Miskitu Coast and resume his reign, being regarded by them throughout his exile as their “rightful King”, and in whose favour at least three rebellions were mounted against the Nicaraguan government. Prince Robert Henry Clarence was the Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Bluefields Militia from 1890-1894. He married Irene Morrison. He died after an operation at the Public General Hospital, Kingston, Jamaica, on the 6th of January 1908 and is buried there
Andrew Hendy 1888-1889
1907 when Sam Pitts was murdered by Nicaragua Zelayan troops, was sparked in 1904 by the Nicaraguan illegal appointment of Andrew Hendy as the honorary Chief to replace his Cousin, the beloved and last Miskitu Chief Robert Henry Clarence who was forced into exile and given sanctuary on a British naval vessel. Details of the illegal Nicaraguan replacement indicated that armed Zelayan soldiers rounded up Miskitu elders under the threat of the gun, and in a language (Spanish) that no Miskitu person could understand, read or write, plied with liquor, while being forced to attend a Miskitu Convention in which “Miskitu delegates” while both under threat, but also unknowingly signed over their territory to Nicaragua. Sam Pitts’ rebellion provided the Miskitu people to hold up Pitts as a symbol of historical and continual Miskitu resistance to Nicaraguan rule. Under international treaties, Nicaragua had no authority over which Miskitu king ruled the region.
Just prior to the time of the Nicaraguan occupation and forced annexation, a photograph of the Miskitu Chief and Executive Council was taken showing the existing government officials: 1, Robert Henry Clarence, chief; 2, Hon. Charles Patterson, vice president and guardian; 3, Hon. J. W. Cuthbert, attorney general and secretary to the chief; 4, Mr. J. W. Cuthbert, Jr., government secretary; 5, Mr. George Raymond, councilman and headman; 6, Mr. Edward McCrea, councilman and headman.
The Miskitu Coast map was featured in a front page newspaper article in the San Francisco Call, No. 133 on April 22nd 1894. Jonathan I – ruled or reigned from 1889 to 1890. His Excellency Prince Jonathan Charles Frederick, was a ruling Hereditary Chief of Miskitu. He was born at Lyasiksa, North Miskitu, in 1865. He is the eldest son of Her Highness Princess Matilda, who is the second daughter of His Majesty Robert Charles Frederic, the former King of the Miskitu Nation, conceived by a junior wife. He was educated at the Moravian Mission, at Great Corn Island. He succeeded after the abdication of his cousin, 8 March 1889; He was elected as successor to his cousin by the chiefs and nobles of the Miskitu Nation, on the 7th of March 1888. Formally proclaimed and installed as Hereditary Chief of Miskitu nation, at Government House, in Bluefields, on the 8th of March 1889. He was the Colonel In- Chief of the Royal Bluefields Militia from 1889 to 1890.